Cattle Feed Pellets Making Guide

What is Cattle Feed Pellet?

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Cattle feed pellets are a kind of compound feed and mainly made from various raw materials such as, cereals, seed from oleaginous crops and legumes, forage and dried beet pulp and additives, such as, vitamins, minerals, chemical preservatives and other essential micro-ingredients by cattle feed pellet making machine.They are formulated according to the type of cattle. The cattle feed pellets are high in energy and balanced for protein, vitamins and minerals. Therefore, with different ingredients and nutrition, different cattle feed pellets are suitable for bulls, cows, heifers and buffalo. Pelleted type of feed can be digested well and improve the performance of cattle.


Cattle Feed Pellets VS Traditional Feed

In the eighties American researchers found that cows consumed the pelleted feed more rapidly than other forms of feed like coarse mix, crumbles and meal. Compared with traditional cattle feed, cattle feed pellets show more advantages. Cattle feed pellets can satisfy the nutritional need of cattle and help cattle gain weight fast, and produce more milk than traditional feed like chopped straw. As we all know, powder of chopped straw can stack in the cattle’s stomach and caused cattle tumor and indigestion diseases. However, with pelleted shape, the cattle feed pellets are with no such problems, and they contain more nutrition. Cattle feed pellets can not only improve the cattle performance but also improve the ratio of feed pellets conversion.

● Decrease the waste of cattle feed
● Reduce the auto rating of feed
● Decrease the time of feed intake and energy expenditure
● Kill harmful organisms
● Enhance the palatability of feed


Formulation for Home-made Cattle Feed Pellets Making Machine

According different kind of cattle, like dairy cattle and beef cattle, the feed pellets formulation is different.
♦ Dairy cattle. As dairy cattle are mainly fed for their milk and the materials of feed pellets may effect the quality of milk, the feed pellets should be produced carefully and the materials of making diary cattle feed pellets should be selected strictly.
Nutrient analysis

Crude protein

32.0% (Min.)

Crude fat

3.0%(Min.)

Crude fiber

15.0(Max.)

Acid detergent fiber

25.0%(Max.)

Calcium

3.5%(Min.)

Calcium 

4.0%(Max.)

Phosphorus 

1.20%(Min.)

Selenium 

2.0PPM(Min.)

Vitamin A 

50,000 IU/lb(Min.)

Feed Ingredients
Blood meal, bone meal, bran, brewers’ grain, barley, chicken litter, citrus pulp, corn and cob, cotton seed, cotton seed oil cake meal, fats, fish meal, germ meal, groundnut, groundnut hulls, peanut oil cake meal, maize, molasses, soybean, etc.
♦ Beef cattle. People feed beef for their meat. So the feed pellets should contain enough protein to meet the demand and help beef gain weight fast.
Feed ingredients
Alfalfa, hay, barley, bermuda grass, corn, cotton, cottonseed hulls, oats, sorghum, soybeans, soybean hulls, wheat, wheat bran, meal, Vitamin A acetate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Vitamin E supplement and so on. 

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How to Make Quality Cattle Feed Pellets by Cattle Feed Pellet Machinery?

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The process of cattle feed pellets is mainly physical change. Without changing the nutrients that materials contain, the process contains mixing the materials and additives together. As the quality of cattle feed pellets can directly affect the breeding status of cattle, the final cattle product quality and benefits of cattle farmers, so it is very important for cattle farmers to make high quality cattle feed pellets. The cattle feed pellets processing steps are as follows:
Material selection: Choose the materials that can offer different nutrients that cattle need and suitable additives. Besides that, the share of each material should be strictly controlled as it can directly affect the durability of pellets.
Crushing: Crush the materials into powdery materials by feed hammer mill.
Mixing: Mix the crushed ingredients evenly by feed mixing machine.
Pelletizing: In this step, material modulation and physical situation control is important for the quality of pellets. Heat, time of adding water and quantity, steam are all essential factors for pelleted type. The die-hole diameter of feed pellet mill and the die thickness also affect the quality of pellets, relatively pellets hardness and the pellet machine output.