In India, the contribution of animal farming to the growth of GDP is ranks only second to agriculture. With the growing demand for meat products, India animal feed market requirement increases highly. Indian Yes Bank reports that India’s animal feed industry, which is currently at $15 billion, is expected to double in size and touch to $30 billion in the next five years and the main growth drivers are in cattle, poultry and aqua feed sectors. With this growth rate, India will soon become the largest feed market in the coming years. Therefore the feed manufactures or anyone who wants start feed manufacture business should learn about different situation of Indian animal feed market, the feed types to produce, and choose the suitable feed making machine, especially feed pellet making machine due to the technical service is very important for feed pellet production.



Cattle Feed Pellet Making Machine India
Indian feed industry has developed for about forty years, but in early period animal feed was mainly used to feed dairy cow. Today India cattle feed consumption is at 7.5 million tonnes and will grow to 67 million tones. The demand for cattle feed will grow by 6 percent in the next five years.
In India, there are mainly two kinds of cattle feed, namely compound feed and home-mixed feed. Compound feed refers to feed that is nutritionally balanced and has been manufactured using the facilities of an analytical laboratory and under the supervision of nutritionists; home-mixed feed refers to the feed for local consumption and made by small scale feed mixers.
Commercial cattle feed typically consists of feed ingredients like cornstarch, liquid glucose, dextrose, sorbitol, fabrilose, maltodextrin, corn gluten meal, soy meal, rape meal and mineral mixtures. Commercially manufactured compound cattle feed has proved its value for cross-bred cows and buffaloes but not for low-yielding cattle because of their genetic limitations. However the need for compound cattle feed especially cattle feed pellets manufactured by cattle feed pellet making machine is expected to grow and have significant market potential.


Poultry Feed Pellet Making Machine India
The development of Indian poultry farming is potential for the annual per capita consumption of eggs and poultry meat is increasing. Being a white meat, broiler meat has an advantage of being a healthier choice over red meat such as mutton, pork and beef, while also being cheaper than seafood. India’s per capita consumption of broiler meat grew at a compound annual growth rate of 7.4 percent from 2009-10 to 2013-14, while egg consumption rose by 3.7 percent compound annual growth rate. And India poultry farming is modern and has high quality poultry feed production plants. As an estimate, the current demand for poultry feed in India is around 22 million tones. The feed demand from broiler sector will grow at a rate of 8 percent, feed for layers will grow by 5-6 percent in the next five years.


In India poultry feed is divided into layer feed and broiler feed. Although high-value compound feed can result in increased numbers of eggs, the cost is too high because of the layer’s long life cycle. But for feeding broiler compound feed, the cost is a less important factor because the performance improvements are greater than the cost increases and the broiler’s life cycle is short.


Poultry feed can be prepared in the form of mash or pellets made by poultry feed pellet making machine or in concentrated form for mixing with an energy source.
Poultry feed in India consists of grains like maize, wheat, sorghum, bajra, ragi and broken rice, grain by-products like rice polish, de-oiled rice bran and maize gluten meal; oilseed meals from soybeans, mustard, groundnut and sunflower; animal protein sources like fish meal, whole fish, meat and bone meal, poultry-by-product meal; vitamins, minerals and various feed additives.

Aqua Feed Pellet Making Machine India
Aqua feed is mainly for feeding shrimps in India and only a small number of aqua feed is for fishes. The shrimp feed production is surplus whereas the production of marine fish feed is insufficient, because the fish farming is growing at an annual rate of 8%. India’s sea food production was recorded at 9 million tones in 2012-13 and due to rapid changes in shrimp and fish farming, production capacities for modern feed has gradually gone up to 2.88 million tones during 2013-14. India owns the newest aqua feed production technology, good management of aqua feed production and modern aqua feed production plants, therefore the development Indian aqua farming is growing steadily. Aqua feed consumption will grow from 1 million tones to 7 million tones in the next five years. To meet the requirement, India imports more than half of the feed demand from other countries, so there is a huge potential in aqua feed.


Fish feed pellet making machine India
Current fresh water fish feed production is estimated at 0.7 million tones and significant investment has gone into the creation of capacities. It is expexted that the demand for fresh water fish feed is expected to grow at five to six percent in the near future.
After 2008 many aqua feed mills have started to manufacture floating fish feed pellet for freshwater fishes by floating fish feed pellet making machine.
The commonly used feed ingredients for making freshwater fish feed pellets are deoiled rice bran, wheat bran, cottonseed cake and groundnut cake.
Shrimp feed pellet making machine India
With the introduction of vannamei shrimp, India shrimp feed production has undergone huge change. There are many new companies begin to wade into shrimp feed industry while the existing feed mills begin to expand feed production scale.
In India there are about 25 aqua feed mills now. The total aqua feed production was about 1.25 million tones in 2014 and the shrimp feed accounted for 0.6 million tones, fish feed accounted for 0.65 million tones. If the feed production of all the small aqua feed mills was taken into account, the total aqua feed production would exceed 1.5 million tones in India.
The main shrimp feed mills are CP Aquaculture (India), Avanti Feeds, Godrej Agrovet, Growel Feeds, The Waterbase, Grobest Feeds, and Nexus Feeds. CP Aquaculture and Avanti Feeds are market leaders. In 2014 these two feed mills sold about 0.5 million tones shrimp feed and CP Aquaculture will continue to invest to build new feed plants. Because the increasing requirement on shrimp feed, Avanti Feeds plans to increase its feed sales 50% more than last year in 2015. However there are still some shrimp feed mills only utilize its 50% production capacity, if they do not change marketing strategy, improve shrimp feed quality and offer technical services for shrimp farmers, they will close.
Feed mills sell feed mainly by dealers and distributors, aquaculture farmers buy feed directly from feed mills, and feed mills attempts to boost sales and gain market shares by offering discount or preferential. Shrimp farmers attach great importance to feed quality, good feed conversion efficiency, healthy shrimps and the success of shrimp farming.
In India, feed can be sold on credit. And under the large amount of credit, many small feed mills are facing losses and considering to sell the feed plant and only large feed mills with strong capital sources can survive. The prices for feed sold on credit and feed sold on cash are different. The retail price of vannamei shrimp feed in about 1-1.4 dollars/ kg. If shrimp farmer buy shrimp feed on cash, they can enjoy a 10-15% discount, and the discount for distributor is 10-15%, the profit of feed mill is 10-15%.
Shrimp feed contains 32-38% crude protein and 5-6% fat. Some feed mills produce sinking vannamei shrimp feed pellets, but it is not very successful. However if they are willing to invest to purchase quality shrimp feed pellet making machine to produce shrimp feed pellets, maybe it is another scene. Feed mills pay attention on shrimp growth rate and vannamei shrimp farmers’ requirement on shrimp feed conversion rate is between 1.4:1 and 1.8:1.
Shrimp feed formulation are mainly contain fishmeal, squid meal, lecithin, cereal flour and other essential and propriety additives and fish oil.
The quality of Indian national fish meal, meat and bone meal, and soybean meal varies so the price is fluctuant. The best quality feed materials are mainly for exportation. And it is prohibited to import animal meal; the import duty rate of soybean, maize and wheat is up to 30-40%. Some feed ingredients like squid fish meal, krill meal and soluble fish protein are difficult to purchase and the price is very expensive.
Therefore it is a challenge to produce consistent high quality shrimp feed. In order to lower the production cost, feed mills make a lot of concessions when purchasing feed raw materials. Some small feed mills do not use premix and some others use livestock premix; most of brand feed may contain feed additives but use minimal dose due to the high price.

Pig Feed Pellet Making Machine India
Due to the religious faith and lack of scientific pig farming management experience, the Indians are picky about pork and not interested in pork consumption, so the market demand for pig feed is low and so the pig feed pellet making machine India is low too.